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Gum Treatment

Gum (or periodontal) disease is a very common condition that is believed to affect up to three quarters of adults in the UK and it is the leading cause of tooth loss. It is vital to catch gum disease early to prevent it getting any worse and, although it cannot be cured, it can be treated and controlled.

What are the symptoms of gum disease?

  • Bleeding gums when you brush, or eat hard foods
  • Bad breath or a metallic taste in your mouth
  • Receding gums
  • Increased sensitivity
  • Gaps appearing between teeth
  • Loose or wobbly teeth

Come and see us as soon as possible if you spot any of these signs.

What are the causes of gum disease?

Plaque builds up on teeth daily, no matter how well you brush, and this will eventually harden and turn to tartar, which can irritate the gums. Your immune system attacks the plaque around your teeth, but in around 20% of people it can go into overdrive and start breaking down the tissue and bone surrounding the tooth.

If it is not treated, the bone can begin to erode – causing the tooth to become wobbly and eventually fall out. The early stages of gum disease are painless, so it is vital to attend regular check-ups with both the dentist and hygienist. We can then spot and treat any early symptoms and stop the disease progressing

How is gum disease treated?

If you have gum disease, your dentist or hygienist will perform a deep clean to remove any bacteria from under the gums. You will also be taught how to maintain healthy gums.

If your gum disease is more advanced you may need to see a periodontist for ongoing treatment.

How to prevent gum disease

You can reduce your risk of gum disease by following these tips:

  • Visit us regularly – at least once a year. Your dentist can then detect any issues or changes to your mouth and a hygienist can help keep your teeth and gums clean, and offer advice.
  • Brush your teeth and gums twice a day.
  • Use mouthwash and clean between teeth with floss and interdental brushes.

Who is more at risk?

  • Smokers have a higher risk of developing gum disease, so try to give up.
  • People suffering from stress or those taking certain medications – as these can weaken the immune system and increase a susceptibility to gum disease.
  • Diabetics are more likely to suffer from gum disease.
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